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Reading and Phonics

Phase Two Phonics

During Phase 2, your child will learn and practice a variety of letter sounds and tricky words. They will bring these home in their reading packs a few at a time and practice at home will be key to helping them embed their learning.

Letter Sounds:

During Phase 2, letters and their sounds are introduced one at a time in the following sequence.

Set 1: s, a, t, p
Set 2: i, n, m, d
Set 3: g, o, c, k
Set 4: ck, e, u, r
Set 5: h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss

Each phonic session begins with a reiteration of the purpose of learning Phonics and each letter is introduced in a multi-sensory way using a puppet friend, Sammy the Snake who helps us to learn our letter sounds.

The children will see the letter, hear the sound, learn an associated action and take part in a memorable activity to help them recall the sounds. They will identify objects beginning with the initial sound and practice writing it using the correct formation.


Once each set of letters has been introduced, children will be encouraged to use their new knowledge to blend and sound out words for reading. For example, they might become human sound buttons to learn to blend the sounds s-a-t to make the word sat.

They will also start learning to segment words for writing. For example, they might be asked to find the letter sounds that make the word tap from a small selection of magnetic letters.


Tricky words:

Tricky words are also introduced during Phase 2. These are words that cannot be blended and include

I, to, no, go, the and into.


Key Language:

blend- join sounds together to make words

segment- hear and separate out the sounds in words

phoneme- one letter making one sound e.g. p

digraph- two letters making one sound e.g ss


How to help your child learn their letter sounds at home

Phase 2 Pronunciation Guide

How to help your child practise sound blending at home

Phase One Phonics

Phase One of Letters and Sounds concentrates on developing children's speaking and listening skills and lays the foundations for the phonic work which starts in Phase 2. The emphasis during Phase One is to get children attuned to the sounds around them and ready to begin developing oral blending and segmenting skills.

It is divided into seven aspects, with each aspect focusing on three strands:

1) Tuning in to sounds (auditory discrimination)

2) Listening and remembering sounds (auditory memory and sequencing)

3) Talking about sounds (developing vocabulary and language comprehension).


Aspect 1 - General sound discrimination - environmental

The aim of this aspect is to raise children's awareness of the sounds around them and to develop their listening skills. 

Aspect 2 - General sound discrimination - instrumental sounds

This aspect aims to develop children's awareness of sounds made by various instruments and noise makers. 

Aspect 3 - General sound discrimination - body percussion

The aim of this aspect is to develop children's awareness of sounds and rhythms. 

Aspect 4 - Rhythm and rhyme

This aspect aims to develop children's appreciation and experiences of rhythm and rhyme in speech. 

Aspect 5 - Alliteration

The focus is on recognising and repeating initial sounds of words.

Aspect 6 - Voice sounds

The aim is to distinguish between different vocal sounds and to begin oral blending and segmenting. 

Aspect 7 - Oral blending and segmenting

In this aspect, the main aim is to develop oral blending and segmenting skills


Phase One is an essential element of the Letters and Sounds Programme and continues to be visited and practised throughout Phases 2-6, as lots of practice is needed before children become confident in their phonic knowledge and skills.



Read to Succeed!


Reading every day with your child at home is key to their success at school.

Statistics show that children who read more, achieve more. At Nansloe we are committed to developing a love of books and promoting the reading habit. Our whole school World Book Day celebrations are well known throughout the local community and our award winning Story Garden means that children can immerse themselves in the joy of story-telling and imaginative play, whatever their age. Two well stocked libraries provide a range of reading materials to stimulate and excite.

In order to reward and celebrate the effort your child puts into their reading, we award 1 point for every day they read at home. As they collect points and reach targets, they are given reading karate bands in a special celebration assembly once a week, where the whole school acknowledges their achievements.  (Please follow the Reading Karate link below to find out more)

The importance of reading at home and securing the skills your child has learnt in school cannot be underestimated. By working together we can make sure they get a great start to their learning journey.